Isaiah gives an ominous prophecy of impending doom to Hezekiah for his foolish ostentation (39:5-7). 2 Though darkness covers the earth,. f. [6:9] Mt 13:10–17; Mk 4:10–12; Lk 8:9–10; Acts 28:25–28. 6 There are none who call upon your name, none who rouse themselves to take hold of you; For you have hidden your face from us. This link is provided solely for the user's convenience. He was born around the year 700 B.C. The ministry of Isaiah extended from the death of Uzziah in 742 B.C. Listen, listen to me, and eat what is good, and you will delight in the richest of fare. 7He touched my mouth with it. shall be established as the highest mountain. 6 His dominion is vast. * [6:5] Doomed: there are two roots from which the verb here could be derived; one means “to perish, be doomed,” the other “to become silent,” and given Isaiah’s delight in puns and double entendre, he probably intended to sound both notes. It records the calling of Isaiah to be the messenger of God to the people of Israel. 11–12). 3 And they were calling to one another: 7 On this mountain he will destroy. Sign up here! 6. shall be established as the highest mountain. 3 [4-11] The third of the four "Servant-of-the-Lord" oracles; in Isaiah 50:4-9 the Servant speaks; in Isaiah 50:10-11 God reproves the people for not following the Servant. whose right hand I grasp, Subduing nations before him, stripping kings of their strength, Opening doors before him, leaving the gates unbarred: 7–9). the rumble on the mountains:. Isaiah 6-10 New International Version (NIV) Isaiah’s Commission. All nations shall stream toward it. 7 He touched my mouth # Jr 1:9; Dn 10:16 with it and said: Then my own arm came to my rescue and my own fury supported me. 8 I am the LORD, LORD is my name; my glory I give to no other, and thick clouds, the peoples, Upon you the LORD will dawn,. Temple: the holy place, just in front of the holy of holies. Later on (605 BC), Babylon does conquer Judah and takes the Jews as captive slaves. * The “voices” of vv. 7 All the flocks of Kedar will gather inside you, the rams of Nebaioth will be at your service as acceptable victims on my altar, and I shall glorify my glorious house. 5–6, and such silence is attested elsewhere as the appropriate response to the vision of the Lord in the Temple (Hb 2:20). Later legend (the Martyrdom and Ascension of Isaiah) claims that Hezekiah’s son, Manasseh, executed Isaiah by having him sawed in two; cf. Shine, for your light has come, the glory of the LORD has dawned upon you. I am lost, for I am a man of unclean lips and I live among a people of unclean lips, and my eyes have seen the King, Yahweh Sabaoth.'. The prophet, standing outside the temple, sees the Divine Presence seated on the mercy-seat, raised over the ark of the covenant, between the cherubim and seraphim, and the Divine glory filled the whole temple. Let the earth and what fills it listen, the world and all it produces. 4 and say to him, "Pay attention and keep calm. (9-13) Commentary on Isaiah 6:1-8 (Read Isaiah 6:1-8) In this figurative vision, the temple is thrown open to view, even to the most holy place. A true social morality will ensure prosperity. 6 “Is this not the fast which I choose, To loosen the bonds of wickedness, To undo the bands of the yoke, And to let the oppressed go free And break every yoke? Babylon. 8Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying, “Whom shall I send? He constantly called his people back to a reliance on God’s promises and away from vain attempts to find security in human plans and intrigues. a. 13 – 16 ). Wonder-Counselor: remarkable for his wisdom and prudence. 1:18–20), so it is unlikely that this charge to “harden” is to be understood as Isaiah’s task; more probably it reflects the refusal of the people, more particularly the leaders, who were supposed to “see,” “hear,” and “understand,” a refusal which would then lead to a disastrous outcome (vv. 6 Raise your eyes to the heavens, look at the earth below; Though the heavens vanish like smoke, the earth wear out like a garment. The hem of his robe filled the temple. Each creature had six wings. … CHAPTER 23 Tyre and Sidon. 2 Seraphim * were stationed above; each of them had six wings: with two they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they hovered. Upon his shoulder dominion rests: authority. It is not God who has been absent, but the people who have walked away from God by idolatrous acts and rituals (vv. But it was too late; the revolt had already begun. You who have no money, come, receive grain and eat; Come, without paying and without cost, drink wine and milk! Isaiah couched this message in oracles of singular poetic beauty and power, oracles in which surprising shifts in syntax, audacious puns, and double- or triple-entendre are a constant feature. Prince of Peace - For to us a child is born, a son will be given to us, and the government will be upon His shoulder. 2 It will happen in the final days that the mountain of Yahweh's house will rise higher than the mountains and tower above the heights. His Name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God My Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace. enraged against all their host; Only the purifying coal of the seraphim could cleanse his lips and prepare him for acceptance of the call: “Here I am, send me!”. THE BOOK OF ISAIAH Isaiah, one of the greatest of the prophets, appeared at a critical moment in Israel’s history. Isaiah’s Commission. 8 Who ever heard of such a thing, or who ever saw the like? 2 ... United States Conference of Catholic Bishops 3211 4th Street, N.E., Washington, DC 20017-1194 (202) 541-3000 His long robe filled the Temple. “I shut up Hezekiah like a bird in his cage,” boasts the famous inscription of Sennacherib. Restoration of Israel. 1In the year King Uzziah died,* I saw the Lord seated on a high and lofty throne,a with the train of his garment filling the temple. a 3 Many peoples shall come and say: “Come, let us go up to the LORD’s mountain,. to Sennacherib’s siege of Jerusalem in 701 B.C., and it may have continued even longer, until after the death of Hezekiah in 687 B.C. * [6:2] Seraphim: the plural of saraph (“to burn”), a term used to designate the “fiery” serpents of the wilderness (Nm 21:8; Dt 8:15), and to refer to “winged” serpents (Is 14:29; 30:6). There is a good basis for thinking that he belonged to a distinguished priestly and perhaps noble family, judging from his education and culture and from his contacts with the court and nobility of the kingdom of Judah. The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops’ (USCCB’s) mission is to encounter the mercy of Christ and to accompany His people with joy. * [ 58:13 – 14 ] Sabbath observance becomes a cornerstone of postexilic piety; cf. CHAPTER 24 Judgment upon the World and the Lord’s Enthronement on Mount Zion *. This vision also led him to insist on the ethical behavior that was required of human beings who wished to live in the presence of such a holy God. This link is provided solely for the user's convenience. Isaiah 9:6 For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; and the government will rest on His shoulders; and His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace: For a child: Isa 7:14 Lk 1:35 2:11; a son: Jn 1:14 3:16,17 Ro 8:32 1Jn 4:10-14 The LORD is about to empty the earth and lay it waste;. There is material in the book that may plausibly be associated with Sennacherib’s campaign against Babylon and its Arabian allies in 694–689 B.C. This incident focused his ministry and prepared him for it. He saw the Lord Jesus; so this vision is explained Jn. 5 [6] He willingly submits to insults and beatings. chaps. * Shebna: by the time of the siege of Jerusalem in 36:3, Shebna, the scribe, no ... By accepting this message, you will be leaving the website of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. * 1 An oracle * concerning Babylon; a vision of Isaiah, son of Amoz. 1 * This is what Isaiah, son of Amoz, saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.. Zion, the Royal City of God. Chapters 40–55 (Second Isaiah, or Deutero-Isaiah) are generally attributed to an anonymous poet who prophesied toward the end of the Babylonian exile. 6 A voice roaring from the city, a voice from the temple; The voice of the LORD. Holy offspring: part of the phrase is missing from the Septuagint and may be a later addition; it provides a basis for hope for the future. In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his … 2 Upon the bare mountains set up a signal;. 6 The LORD calls you back, like a wife forsaken and grieved in spirit, A wife married in youth and then cast off, says your God. 2 3 He made of me a sharp-edged sword and concealed me in the shadow of his arm. But the old intrigues began again, and the king was sorely tempted to join with neighboring states in an alliance sponsored by Egypt against Assyria. * [6:11–12] The desolation described would be the result of the sort of deportation practiced by the Assyrians and later by the Babylonians. * For I am a man of unclean lips, living among a people of unclean lips,d and my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts!” CHAPTER 2. a 2 The LORD is angry with all the nations,. 7 “Is it not to divide your bread [] with the hungry And bring the homeless poor into the house; When you see the naked, to cover him; And not to hide yourself from your own flesh? f. 7 * Was he smitten as his smiter was smitten? and lived in Jerusalem. * [6:13] When its leaves have fallen: the meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain, and the text may be corrupt. The LORD called me from birth, from my mother's womb he gave me my name. Copyright 2019-2021 USCCB, please review our Privacy Policy, On Fraternity and Social Friendship (Fratelli Tutti). 3–4). ©2021 United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, Explore more inspirational selections here, The Lord Alone, Israel’s and Judah’s Salvation (, The Lord’s Glory in Israel’s Liberation (, Expiation of Sin, Spiritual Liberation of Israel (. Isaiah 6. 2 Above him were seraphim, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying. I am lost, for I am a man of unclean lips and I live among a people of unclean lips, and my eyes have seen the King, Yahweh Sabaoth.'. Ex 3:8; 6:6; 15:13; 18:8). 7 “Is it not to divide your bread [] with the hungry And bring the homeless poor into the house; When you see the naked, to cover him; And not to hide yourself from your own flesh? He was sitting on a very high throne. 6–7). * [6:4] Smoke: reminiscent of the clouds which indicated God’s presence at Mount Sinai (Ex 19:16–19; Dt 4:11) and which filled the tabernacle (Ex 40:34–38) and the Temple (1 Kgs 8:10–11) at their dedication. Plucked my beard: a grave insult. Isaiah (Yesa yahu = Yahweh is salvation) is one of the most outstanding and most important of the prophets. * [55:6–9] The invitation to seek the Lord is motivated by the mercy of a God whose “ways” are completely mysterious. 6. CHAPTER 34 Judgment upon Edom. By judgment and justice, both now and forever. Holy, Holy, Holy! The Lord— The Divine Majesty as he subsisteth in three persons. 1 The vision of Isaiah son of Amoz, concerning Judah and Jerusalem. a 3 I have commanded my consecrated ones, *. whose trunk remains when its leaves have fallen. A Final Plea. 7 * Before she is in labor, she gives birth; f. Before her pangs come upon her, she delivers a male child. Looking for a fundamental understanding of the Bible? 8 Driving out and expelling, he struggled against it, carrying it off with his cruel wind on a day of storm. and raised above the hills. Second Isaiah also develops other Old Testament themes, such as the Lord as Israel’s redeemer or deliverer (cf. 6 In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord, high and exalted, seated on a throne; and the train of his robe filled the temple. For Isaiah, the vision of God’s majesty was so overwhelming that military and political power faded into insignificance. “I am doomed!” is suggested by the popular belief that to see God would lead to one’s death; cf. The ark of the covenant was God’s footstool (Ps 132:7–8; 1 Chr 28:2), placed under the cherubim (1 Kgs 8:6–7). ), the death of Sargon (705 B.C. Isaiah’s oracles cluster around several key historical events of the late eighth century: the Syro-Ephraimite War (735–732 B.C. 11“How long, O Lord?” I asked. Isaiah, one of the greatest of the prophets, appeared at a critical moment in Israel’s history. Isaiah 6 is the sixth chapter of the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Isaiah, and is a part of the Book of the Prophets. 1 In the year King Uzziah died, * I saw the Lord seated on a high and lofty throne, a with the train of his garment filling the temple. be attentive, you peoples! The Sending of Isaiah. I have summoned my warriors, eager and bold to carry out my anger. Isaiah Chapter 43 1 But now, thus says the LORD, who created you, O Jacob, and formed you, O Israel: Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by name: you are mine. In 1–39 most of the oracles come from Isaiah and reflect the situation in eighth-century Judah. CHAPTER 6. 1 Come near, nations, and listen;. ), and the revolt against Sennacherib (705–701 B.C.). Isaiah 6. And they were calling to one another: “Holy, holy, holy is the LORD Almighty; the whole earth is full of … It may be best to say that the elaborate material recorded here actually looks at how the sovereign LORD inspired the young prophet for service. * c. 5Then I said, “Woe is me, I am doomed! 3 [4-11] The third of the four "Servant-of-the-Lord" oracles; in Isaiah 50:4-9 the Servant speaks; in Isaiah 50:10-11 God reproves the people for not following the Servant. 4 [5] The Servant does not refuse the divine vocation. See the adaptation of these figures by Ezekiel (Ez 1:10–12; 10:4–15). Introduction Isaiah 6 records the “call” of the young prophet to the difficult task of preaching a message of judgment to the nation. Lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears. 2 Seraphim * were stationed above; each of them had six wings: with two they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they hovered. Isaiah Chapter 55 1 1 All you who are thirsty, come to the water! b 4 Listen! “I am struck silent!” is suggested by the emphasis on the lips in vv. 6 In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord, high and exalted, seated on a throne; and the train of his robe filled the temple. 3 And they were calling to one another: His Name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God My Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace. The Sending of Isaiah. a 3 Many peoples shall come and say: “Come, let us go up to the LORD’s mountain,. In the year that Uzziah, king of Judah, died (742), Isaiah received his call to the prophetic office in the Temple of Jerusalem. rendering recompense to his enemies! the tears from all faces; the news reaches them. 2 Seraphim * were stationed above; each of them had six wings: with two they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they hovered. 2 When you pass through the water, I will be with you; in the rivers you shall not drown. 1 * This is what Isaiah, son of Amoz, saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.. Zion, the Royal City of God. 5 or because Aram, Ephraim and the son of Remaliah have been plotting against you and saying:. 7 To open the eyes of the blind, to bring out prisoners from confinement, and from the dungeon, those who live in darkness. 6 On this mountain * the LORD of hosts. 4 The door-posts shook at the sound of their shouting, and the Temple was full of smoke.. 5 Then I said: 'Woe is me! 2 * In days to come,. 42:9; 43:9, 18; 46:9–10; 48:3–8); both the old things (e.g., creation, exodus) and the new things (release from … 2 Above him were seraphim, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying. 2 Above him were seraphim, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying. The majesty, holiness and glory of the Lord took possession of his spirit and, at the same time, he gained a new awareness of human pettiness and sinfulness. Was he slain as his slayer was slain? and my victory shall always be firm. servant and master, I saw— In a vision. 8 “Then your light will break out like the dawn, 2 Listen, you heavens; earth, attend, for Yahweh is speaking, 'I have reared children and brought them up, but they have rebelled against me. note on 3:1–12) would result in a disproportion of the sexes and leave the female population without enough male partners. A high and lofty throne: within the holy of holies of the Jerusalem Temple stood two cherubim, or winged sphinxes, whose outstretched wings served as the divine throne (1 Kgs 6:23–28; Ez 1:4–28; 10:1, 20). By accepting this message, you will be leaving the website of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. CHAPTER 13. 7 Let the wicked abandon his way and the evil one his thoughts. * [65:1–7] These verses serve as a response to the preceding questions about God’s inaction (64:6, 11). ), the revolt of Ashdod (714–711 B.C. 1 The vision of Isaiah son of Amoz concerning Judah and Jerusalem, which he received in the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah kings of Judah. as a covenant for the people, a light for the nations, b. The complete Book of Isaiah is an anthology of poems composed chiefly by the great prophet, but also by disciples, some of whom came many years after Isaiah. and its inhabitants die like flies, My salvation shall remain forever. The mountain of the LORD’s house. CHAPTER 14. * [55:6–9] The invitation to seek the Lord is motivated by the mercy of a God whose “ways” are completely mysterious. 1 Thus says the LORD to his anointed, * Cyrus,. 3One cried out to the other: 4At the sound of that cry, the frame of the door shook and the house was filled with smoke. * [58:6–12] Fasting is not genuine without reforming one’s way of life. In 738 B.C., with the Assyrian defeat of Calno/Calneh (Is 10:9; Am 6:2), the anti-Assyrian league, of which Judah may have been the ringleader, collapsed, and both Israel and the Arameans of Damascus paid tribute to Assyria. 4 For I have decided on a day of vengeance, my year of retribution has come.. 5 I looked: there was no one to help me; I was appalled but could find no supporter! 2–6) and a description of the present situation (vv. d * Seven women…one man: deportation (cf. Isaiah Chapter 55 1 1 All you who are thirsty, come to the water! Indeed, it appears that there were originally separate smaller collections of oracles (note especially chaps. 6 “Is this not the fast which I choose, To loosen the bonds of wickedness, To undo the bands of the yoke, And to let the oppressed go free And break every yoke? a 2 Silence! The Northern Kingdom collapsed, under the hammerlike blows of Assyria, in 722/721 B.C., and in 701 Jerusalem itself saw the army of Sennacherib drawn up before its walls. 2 The Seraphims were standing above the throne. 1 In the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib, king of Assyria, went up against all the fortified cities of Judah and captured them. 2Seraphim* were stationed above; each of them had six wings: with two they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they hovered.b Destruction which would follow argument from prediction is an important theme in Second Isaiah also develops other Testament!, with two they flew Isaiah gives an ominous prophecy of impending doom to Hezekiah his! Jewish nation, and listen ; two their feet, and your labor on what does not satisfy and own... 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