"We have had to lament loss of human life, but fortunately, given the severity, the intensity of the tremor, the damages do not appear to be unmanageable.". Colima suffered a big earthquake in 1995. Mr. Farley said the police headquarters was in the rear of a "two-story building in an old shopping center, real old shoddy construction." In Mexico, the Cihuatlan-Manzanillo was the most severely affected area. The Baja California peninsula lies near the boundary of the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate, while southern Mexico lies just north of the boundary between the North American Plate and the Cocos and Rivera tectonic plates. He was reached with the help of amateur radio operators at the United Nations headquarters in New York. During a day of considerable chaos, officials in the two states at first announced that at least 57 people had died, but hours later revised the death toll downward considerably. "It looked like one of those films on TV, where the guys come in with dynamite and destroy the building. It registered a magnitude of 8.0 and killed 49 people. Coast Of Colima, Mexico has had: (M1.5 or greater) 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 2 earthquakes in the past 365 days [5] In Mexico, the Cihuatlan-Manzanillo was the most severely affected area. 1995-10-06 05:13:25 UTC 5.8 magnitude, 33 km depth Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico Some 50 people, including guests and workers, were in the hotel when it collapsed, and rescuers were listening for cries from the injured. 1995-10-09 15:35:53 UTC at 15:35. To the north in Jalisco, at least 10 people were killed and some 90 seriously injured, said Mr. Naveja, the Jalisco spokesman. The 1995 Colima–Jalisco earthquake occurred on October 9 at 15:35 UTC with a moment magnitude of 8.0 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). Before Jan. 21, the last substantial earthquake in the Colima area was in 1995. The assessment focuses upon the 1995 Jalisco–Colima Earthquake Tsunami from a retrospective viewpoint. October 09, 1995 UTC. Electricity and telephone service were briefly interrupted on the west side of Mexico City, and traders on Mexico's stock market halted operations for about 40 minutes. 10000 km 2 (=3861 sqare miles) as a first-order estimate. 5.2 km from El Colomo (3.2 … The Cihuatlan-Manzanillo area, Colima, was more severely affected than other areas. The October 9, 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake (Mw 8.0) was a 2 shallow, thrust event which occurred near the junction of Rivera (RIVE), Cocos (COCOS), and North American (NOAM) plates (Figure 1). Nine of the deaths came in Cihuatlan, a town about 20 miles northwest of Manzanillo, he said, and another person died in the nearby town of Mascota. TimesMachine is an exclusive benefit for home delivery and digital subscribers. The tremor rattled buildings and frightened people not only in Colima and Jalisco, but was also felt strongly in Mexico City and nine other Mexican states, stretching from San Luis Potosi in the north to Oaxaca in the south. It killed 49 people, including 18 who died in the collapse of the eight-story Costa Real resort hotel in Manzanillo, 15 miles northwest of the epicenter. "This quake, as you know, was of high intensity," Mr. Zedillo said at a press conference. [4], The variations in observed seismic intensity indicate that three asperities were ruptured during this event. [10] Postseismic deformation has been recorded after the main shock. [7], Although the tsunami affected a 200 km stretch of coast, severe damage was confined to areas with shallow shoreline topography. The 1995 Colima–Jalisco earthquake occurred on October 9 at 15:35 UTC with a moment magnitude of 8.0 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). Mr. Naveja estimated that 900 homes collapsed in various towns in Jalisco. On October 9, 1995, a M 8.0 earthquake struck in the Colima-Jalisco region, resulted in at least 49 fatalities and left 1,000 people homeless. Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems; we are continuing to work to improve these archived versions. President Fox waves to residents who lost their homes after the earthquake. The 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake was an 8.0 Mw earthquake which occurred on October 9, 1995 at 15:36 UTC, off the coast of Jalisco, Mexico, with least 49 people dead and 100 more injured. The quake hit just hours before President Ernesto Zedillo flew to the United States for a state visit with President Clinton. This event resulted in at least 49 fatalities and left 1,000 people homeless. "Everybody was yelling and pointing at the hotel," Mr. Farley said. 8.0 magnitude earthquake. Mr. Farley said that during the quake the waters of Manzanillo Bay dropped 10 feet and then roared back minutes later in a huge wave. It had a magnitude of 7.6 and was centered in the Pacific Ocean, near the border between the two states. The earthquake was characterized for severely … The quake, which struck at 9:40 A.M. local time, measured 7.6 on the open-ended Richter scale. Aftershocks of the 8.0 quake: Colima, Mexico, 9 Oct 1995 15h35 Show info about this Based on its magnitude, the fault that was active during the quake ruptured along a surface of approx. At least 49 people died and 100 were injured. The Colima Earthquake happened on October 1995 and was known for causing a tsunami along the coast of Jalisco and Colima, leaving 100 persons dead, hundreds of buildings damages and thousands homeless. The earthquake triggered a tsunami, which affected a 200 km coast. Before Jan. 21, the last substantial earthquake in the Colima area was in 1995. The shock occurred off the coast of Jalisco, Mexico, where a tsunami was triggered that affected a 200 km (120 mi) stretch of the coast. Before Jan. 21, the last substantial earthquake in the Colima area was in 1995. The tremor shook nine states Monday morning, hitting Jalisco and Colima the hardest. "It was just like somebody flushed the toilet," he said. The shock occurred off the coast of Jalisco, Mexico, where a tsunami was triggered that affected a 200 km (120 mi) stretch of the coast. We watched it collapse into a pile of dust.". [4] Landslides blocked roads between Guadalajara and Manzanillo. "We're still hoping that there are people in there alive.". At least 34 people were killed and more than 100 injured, the authorities said. "When we hear any sound we order everybody to be quiet, but unfortunately the hotel is right on the ocean, and the waves are crashing," said Adm. Manuel Barron, the navy chief of staff in Manzanillo. Many roads were blocked and telephone communication was cut to many parts of Colima and Jalisco, another Pacific coast state, where the damage was most severe. Before his departure, Mr. Zedillo sent Secretary of Defense Cervantes and the Secretaries of Health and Social Development to Jalisco and Colima to coordinate relief efforts. This earthquake occurred in the area where the Rivera Plate subducts beneath the North American Plate. Most of the dead were aparently killed by collapsing homes. THE 1995 COLIMA-JALISCO, MEXICO, EARTHQUAKE (MW 8) 2225 In Figure4 we compareP-waveGalitzin seismograms of the June 3. In southern Mexico, Volcán de Colima and El Chichón erupted in 2005 and 1982, respectively. 1995-11-09 03:37:58 UTC at 03:37 November 09, 1995 UTC Location: Epicenter at 19.844, -105.322 11.2 km from José María Pino Suárez (Nuevo Nahuapa) (7.2 miles) Coast Of Jalisco, Mexico. The quake, which struck at 9:40 A.M. local time, measured 7.6 on the open-ended Richter scale. [6], The tsunami had a maximum run-up height of 5.1 m. There were at least two waves recorded. Around the bay in Manzanillo, several floors collapsed at the local headquarters of the Colima State Judicial Police. Landslides blocked the highways between Melaque and Cihuatlan. A powerful earthquake rocked Mexico's Pacific coast today, knocking down one resort hotel, heavily damaging several others and destroying hundreds of homes across two states. Hello fellow Wikipedians, I have just modified 2 external links on 1995 Colima–Jalisco earthquake. The tsunami was also observed in Ecuador, French Polynesia, Samoan Islands, Australia and Hawaii. Broadband teleseismic P waves have been analyzed to recover the rup-ture history of the large (M s 7.4) Colima-Jalisco, Mexico, shallow interplate thrust earthquake of 9 October 1995. More recently, on October 9, 1995, a M 8.0 earthquake took place about 20 km to the northwest. The Jalisco State government issued a communique anouncing that the Costa Grande, a large tourist hotel in San Patricio Melaque, about 30 miles to the northwest along the coast from Manzanillo, had also collapsed, killing 11 people. On Sept. 14, a quake of similar force and duration rattled the state of Guerrero, on the Pacific coast due south of the capital. Historically, several significant earthquakes have occurred near the January 22nd event. The deadliest nearby earthquake occurred on September 19, 1985, in the Michoacan region 470 km to the northwest of the March 20th event. Numerous source scenarios of large subduction earthquakes are generated to assess the sensitivity and variability of tsunami inundation characteristics of the target region. To isolate the earthquake rupture details, we deconvolve surface waves with two empirical Green's functions, the aftershock of October 12, 1995 (Mw 5.9) and the foreshock of October 6, 1995 (Mw 5.8), from the corresponding … Mexico lies within two seismically active earthquake zones. The 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake was diagnosed not only by applying the M8 algorithm but also by using addi-tional criteria of seismic gaps (Nishenko and Singh, 1987). Most of the flooding occurred in the Tenacatita Bay area. Strong mag. October 9, 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake (Mw 8.0). [5] In Manzanillo, 18 people died in the collapse of an eight-story hotel. In Mexico City, the 63-story glass and steel headquarters of Petroleos Mexicanos, the state-owned oil monopoly, swayed terrifyingly by a yard or more, company officials said. Later, however, Juan Maria Naveja, a spokesman for the Jalisco Governor, Alberto Cardenas, said that the report was mistaken. Depth: 71 km In most M8 studies, the areas identified for the occurrence of large earthquakes were large and the probability of fore-casting an event by chance was high (Keilis-Borok and We analyze tsunami data of the great 1995 Colima‐Jalisco, Mexico earthquake, recorded in Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, to estimate its rupture length, L. To model the tsunami arrival time, we assume a rectangular source area, oriented parallel to the trench, whose SE limit is fixed at the point of rupture initiation. The location and orientation of the boundary 20- The offshore areas near Guerrero have not ruptured since 1911, which are prone to cause large earthquakes. Reports from the public: 0 people A. On Monday, October 9, 1995 at 9:38AM a huge earthquake struck Cihuatlan-Manzanillo. Our study shows that the mainshock nucleated - 24 km south of Manzanillo, near the foreshock of October 6, 1995 (Mw 5.8), and propagated -130 km to the NW and -40 km to SE. The earthquake was felt in Mexico City and in high-rise buildings in Dallas and Houston. 1995 Colima Earthquake hereafter; Mendoza and Hartzell, 1999). [9] A 14 cm subsidence occurred at Manzanillo. 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake 1995 Chiapas earthquake 1999 Tehuacán earthquake 1999 Oaxaca earthquake 2003 Colima earthquake 2009 Guerrero earthquake 2009 Gulf of California earthquake. If the postseismic moment release up to about two weeks after the main shock is included, it will be equivalent to 35% of that of the main shock, which will make the additional seismic moment equivalent to that of an Mw 7.7 earthquake. Michael Farley, an American who was on his yacht in the Manzanillo harbor, watched the Hotel Costa Real "crumble right before my eyes," he said in an interview over short-wave radio and telephone. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them. Big Quake Kills 34 On Mexican Coast; Resort Is Hard Hit. The maximum dimension of the aftershock area, which is rectangular in shape, is 170 km x 70 km. [6] It was the result of the relative movements between the North American Plate, the Rivera Plate, and the Cocos Plate. Inside the building were a station house and a jail, he said. Geology. [8], The earthquake rupture lasted for about a minute and involved a 200 km long break along the plate boundary. 4.3 magnitude earthquake. The Secretary of Defense, Gen. Enrique Cervantes Aguirre, said that eight police officers and clerical workers died there. [11], "Significant earthquakes of the World, 1995", "The macroseismic field generated by the Mw 8.0 Jalisco, Mexico, earthquake of 9 October 1995", "Death toll rising after earthquake in Mexico", "The October 9, 1995 Colima-Jalisco, Mexico earthquake (M, "Rapid postseismic transients in subduction zones from continuous GPS", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1995_Colima–Jalisco_earthquake&oldid=997738372, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 00:26. The seismotectonics of the region, however, is controversial. Location: Epicenter at 19.055, -104.205. 6.0 earthquake - Offshore Colima, Mexico, on Thursday, 12 October 1995 at 16:52 (GMT) Strong magnitude 6.0 earthquake at 16 km depth The epicenter was 15 miles southeast of Manzanillo, in the state of Colima, said Bruce Presgrave, a geophysicist at the United States Geological Survey's Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colo. Late today Government officials and the Televisa news program said 34 people were confirmed dead. Paricutín volcano, west of Mexico City, began venting smoke in a cornfield in 1943; a decade later this new volcano had grown to a height of 424 meters. But today's epicenter was 387 miles to the northwest of the Guerrero earthquake, and Mr. Presgrave of the Colorado earthquake center said quakes that far apart were unlikely to have been related. At least 49 people died and 100 were injured. It was on shore, at a depth of 40km / 25 miles, with a Mercalli intensity of "severe" (7), lasting about a minute. El Colomo , Colima , Mexico. 8.0 magnitude earthquake. Ground-displacement records in the period range of 1-60 sec are inverted using a linear, finite-fault waveform inversion procedure that allows a variable dislocation duration on a prescribed fault. 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